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Occupational Stress Associated with Self-Esteem and Depression in Nurses in Their 20s with More than 3 Years' Clinical Experience in Kumamoto Prefecture Akemi Tsuruta 1 , Hitomi Maeda 2 1Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kumamoto University 2Department of Nursing, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University Keyword: 20歳代看護職者 , 自尊感情 , 抑うつ状態 , 職業性ストレス , nursing staff in their 20s , self-esteem , depression , occupational stress pp.74-81
Published Date 2013/9/20
  • Abstract
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Abstract

 Purpose: This study aimed to identify relationships among self-esteem, depression, and occupational stress in nurses in their 20s with more than 3 years' clinical experience in Kumamoto Prefecture.

 Methods: An anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey was performed on 996 nurses in their 20s who had more than 3 years' clinical experience in hospitals with 100 beds or more.

 Results: "Difficulties in relationships with patients and families," "job that deals with human lives," and "confronting patient deaths" were extracted as occupational stresses that deteriorated their self-esteem, and "difficulties in interpersonal relationships" and "qualitative workload" as occupational stresses that cause depression. "Difficulties in providing support for patients and families" affected the deterioration of self-esteem and depression. "Support from colleagues and superior nurses," "sense of accomplishment," and "level of discretion" were found to reduce occupational stress, increase self-esteem, and prevent depression. Furthermore, the deterioration of self-esteem and depression affected each other.

 Conclusion: It is important and effective to enhance support from colleagues and superior nurses, and to facilitate a sense of accomplishment and a high level of discretion by focusing on nursing practice in terms of relationships with patients and families.


Copyright © 2013, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.

基本情報

電子版ISSN 2185-8888 印刷版ISSN 0287-5330 日本看護科学学会

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