The Perceptions and Feelings of Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Their Prolonged Hospital-life Tamae Shimamura 1 , Atsuko Taguchi 1 , Sayuri Kobayashi 2 , Satoko Nagata 1 , Yoshie Kushihara 3 , Yoko Nagata 4 , Noriko Kobayashi 4 , Sachiyo Murashima 1 1Department of Community Health Nursing, Division of Health Sciences & Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo 2Department of Gerontological Nursing, Graduate School of Health Care Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University 3National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center 4The Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Japan Anti-Tuberculosis Association Keyword: 多剤耐性結核 , 入院患者 , 質的記述的研究 , 受けとめ , 看護 , multi-drug resistant tuberculosis , inpatient , qualitative descriptive study , perception , nursing pp.3-12
Published Date 2010/6/21
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 Objective:In Japan 100 new cases of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) are diagnosed each year. During treatment patients must be hospitalized under isolation conditions. To describe their experience and feelings was the purpose of this study.

 Method:Five patients in two hospitals responded to semi-structured interviews in 2006. Interviews were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and analyzed by qualitative description.

 Results:Participants were four men and a woman ranging in age from 45 to 76 years. Two were experiencing the initial onset of disease;the others were re-admissions. Their current admissions extended from 50 to 3036 days. All patients knew they had a disease that was “difficult to cure”; some believed they would “be cured,” but others were afraid that they “cannot be cured”; “whether they would survive to return home or not” was a concern. Most felt much stress because they “could not see future,” due to their disease and also the long-term hospitalization and isolation... “almost nothing about hospitalization is enjoyable.” Visits from family and friends, letters and emails, and conversations with nurses linked patients to others and the outside world.

 Conclusion:MDRTB patients sense the possibility of death. As patients respond to laboratory tests and treatments nurses help them “envision their possible futures.” Nurses are key connectors to outside worlds. Recognition of and support for such communications functions might help nurses sustain their burden of caring and thus patients' endurance of the difficult conditions of their enforced hospitalization.

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