The relationship between the Ability to Recognize and Respond to Family support (ARRF) and HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes by gender Tomomi Horiguchi 1 , Michiko Inagaki 1 , Keiko Tasaki 1 , Yuya Asada 1 , Sakiko Ota 1 1Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University Keyword: 2型糖尿病 , , 家族サポート , HbA1c , 性差 , Type 2 diabetes mellitus , Ability , Family support , HbA1c , Sex difference pp.1-8
Published Date 2020/3/31
  • Abstract
  • Reference

 The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between the perceptiveness of and responsiveness to family support, which is the ability of patients with type 2 diabetes to positively recognize and respond to family support, and HbA1c, with a focus on relationship factors and gender differences. We conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey using a scale to measure type 2 diabetes patients' Ability to Recognize and Respond to Family support (ARRF), HbA1c, and relationship factors. The participants comprised adult patients with type 2 diabetes with no serious complications who lived with family. We obtained valid responses from 63 patients.

 The results revealed that there were gender differences in the relationship between ARRF and HbA1c. ARRF had significant negative correlations with HbA1c in men (rs =-.431), but significant positive correlations with HbA1c in women (rs =.598). In addition, significantly low ARRF in men could be attributed to participant characteristics including awareness that having no subjective symptoms, issues that interfere with daily life, or macroangiopathy; awareness that one is free of complications; living with parent (s) and being in the workforce. Significantly high ARRF in women could be attributed to participant characteristics including being within the standard BMI range and the use of injected drugs, such as insulin.

 Thus, it is suggested that different support methods are required depending on the gender of the patient.

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