Japan Academy of Diabetes Education and Nursing Volume 4, Issue 1 (March 2000)

The Factors Giving Influence on Dietary Self-Management of Adult Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Perceived Self-Efficacy of the Patients Kimie Fujita 1 , Midori Matsuoka 1 , Masumi Nishida 1 1School of Nursing, Saga Medical University Keyword: 糖尿病 , 成人 , 自己管理 , 自己効力感 , 食事療法 , Diabetes mellitus , Adult patient , Self-management behavior , Self-efficacy , Dietary regimen pp.14-22
Published Date 2000/3/15
  • Abstract
  • Reference
  • Cited by

 The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the factors which exert influence on dietary self-management behavior of the patients with diabetes mellitus of 20-70 years old and to assess perceived self-efficacy of the patients. The study was performed on 141 patients, and the answer collecting ratio was 69.1%. Among them, male subjects accounted for 60%, and average age was 55.5 years old. The study was carried out by disseminating self-entering questionnaire. The frame of the analysis included: (1) demographic factors, (2) predisposing factors, (3) enabling factors, and (4) reinforcing factors. For the analysis, multiple regression analysis and path analysis were used. As a result, it was found that the factors directly exerting the strongest influence on the dietary self-management of the patients were perceived self-efficacy of the patients. Next followed: non-engagement of the patient in specific work, self-learning about diabetes mellitus, and the patients enactive attainment in dietary therapy. The factor giving indirect influence via self-efficacy was the patients' enactive attainment. These results suggest that perceived self-efficacy of the patients have an important role in their behavior of self-management.

Copyright © 2000, Japan Academy of Diabetes Education and Nursing. All rights reserved.


4巻1号 (2000年3月)
電子版ISSN 2432-3713 印刷版ISSN 1342-8497 日本糖尿病教育・看護学会