Japanese

Effect of using vestibular or somato-sensory stimulation for eye contact of children with autism Ryoichiro Iwanaga 1 , Makiko Osako 2 , Ryutaro Nagatani 3 , Takayasu Washida 3 , Reiko Tsuchida 1 1Nagasaki University School of Health Sciences 2Kagoshima Prefectural Seishien, Hospital Home for Crippled Children 3Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences Keyword: 自閉症 , (アイコンタクト) , (前庭刺激) , (固有受容刺激) , (触覚刺激) , Autism , Eye contact , Vestibular stimulation , Proprioceptive stimulation , Tactile stimulation pp.23-28
Published Date 2002/2/15
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 The number of eye contacts made by children with autism (n = 27), under different conditions of sensory stimulus was compared. The types of sensory stimulation given were: 1) tactile 2) proprioceptive 3) vestibular-proprioceptive and 4) no specific stimulation (ie., controlled). Each child was successively provided with a randomly selected sensory condition (5 a total of times for each condition) . While sensory stimuli were provided, the child was called by his/her name. The number of eye contacts was recorded for each child and each trial. The statistically analyzed data showed no significant difference between the controlled trials and other stimulatory trials. However, a subsample of 13 children, whose number of eye contacts in the controlled trials recorded as a 3 or less than three times showed significant difference between the controlled and vestibular-proprioceptive trials. The results suggested that provision of vestibular-proprioceptive stimulation enhances eye contact of autistic children with lower function of eye contact abilities.


Copyright © 2002, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会

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