Radiofrequency Lesioning Surgery for Movement Disorders Shiro HORISAWA 1 , Takaomi TAIRA 1 1Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University Keyword: 高周波熱凝固 , 不随意運動 , パーキンソン病 , ジストニア , 振戦 , radiofrequency lesioning , movement disorders , Parkinson's disease , dystonia , tremor pp.838-845
Published Date 2021/7/10
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436204462
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 Radiofrequency lesioning surgery is primarily performed to treat Parkinson's disease, dystonia, and tremor. Its effects are similar to those of deep brain stimulation (DBS). However, Radiofrequency lesioning surgery has not been popularized, possibly due to the over-evaluation of its risks.

 The current most available targets for the treatment of movement disorders include ventral intermediate (Vim) nucleus, ventral oral (Vo) nucleus, and globus pallidus internus (GPi). Vim thalamotomy is available for Parkinsonian tremor, essential tremor, dystonic tremor, and other various kinds of tremor, and it is highly effective. Bilateral vim thalamotomy is feasible when properly performed on tiny lesions on the bilateral vim nucleus. Vo thalamotomy is mainly available for focal hand dystonia. The safety profile of bilateral Vo thalamotomy has not yet been established, but it is thought that it may lead to irreversible hypophonia and dysarthria. Pallidotomy is selected for treatment of dystonia and Parkinson's disease. Although unilateral pallidotomy is a safe procedure, it can cause medically refractory parkinsonism including postural reflex disturbance and gait disorder. Delayed infarction on the posterior limb of internal capsule is another major concern associated with pallidotomy and can lead to hemiparesis. Correct understanding is absolutely essential to ensure the safety of radiofrequency lesioning surgery.

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