Shinkei Kenkyu no Shinpo Volume 37, Issue 1 (February 1993)

Tests for frontal function―pattern of frontal dysfuction and its assessment Haruo KASHIMA 1 , Motoichiro KATO 1 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine, Keio University pp.93-110
Published Date 1993/2/10
  • Abstract
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The frontal function is one of the most unknown domains in neuropsychology. Naturally neuro-psychological tests for frontal dysfunction are hardly established, and the so-called frontal function tests have not shown enough degree of validity and clinical reliability. Moreover, many of them are too difficult and distressing for the brain damaged patients, and often they are unavailable. The author et al. have re-investigated the validity and the clinical availability of the so-called frontal function tests. Until now 20 so-called frontal function tests have been examined in the clinical setting, and some modifications have been made. As a criteria for the validity of the tests, the authors used the principle of the Teuber's double dissociation, i. e., double dissociation between results of the test con-cerned and IQ on WAIS. As the frontal lobe is the largest association cortex in the brain, having fiber connections with all other cortical areas, frontal dysfunctions, especially prefrontal dysfunctions, are trans-modal in nature and would certainly be described as “pattern of dysfunction”. We have distinguished five patterns of frontal dysfunction, and in the present paper, according to each pattern, are described following ten neuropsychological tests for frontal dysfunction, which met the above men-tioned criteria for the validity and showed the clinical availability.

Copyright © 1993, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


37巻1号 (1993年2月)
電子版ISSN 1882-1243 印刷版ISSN 0001-8724 医学書院