Functional anatomy of medullary respiratory neurons. Kazuyoshi OTAKE 1 , Kazuhisa EZURE 2 13rd Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University 2Department of Neurobiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience pp.651-664
Published Date 1992/8/10
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1431900263
  • Abstract
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 The neural mechanisms responsible for respiratory rhythmogenesis reside within the lower brainstem, especially the medulla oblongata. Various kinds of respiratory neurons, defined as neurons which fire in synchrony with respiration, are found in the medulla. This review focuses on the morphological and functional organization of these medullary respiratory neurons with special reference to the mechanisms of the generation and pattern formation of respiratory rhythm.

 Medullary respiratory neurons are concentrated in two locations: dorsomedial and ventrolateral medullary areas.

Copyright © 1992, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


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