Correlation between Cognitive Impairment and Postural Instability in Patients with Parkinson's Disease Yoshiyuki Owan 1 , Hidetomo Murakami 1 , Yukiko Mori 1 , Keiko Yamagishi 1 , Daishi Watanabe 1 , Hirotaka Kato 1 , Machiko Kezuka 1 , Mitsuru Kawamura 1 1Department of Neurology, Showa University School of Medicine Keyword: パーキンソン病 , 認知機能障害 , 姿勢保持障害 , 視空間認知機能 , COGNISTAT , Parkinson's disease , cognitive impairment , postural instability , visuospatial cognition , COGNISTAT pp.99-104
Published Date 2015/1/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416200092
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Correlation between frontal-executive function and motor functions, such as gait and postural control, has attracted attention in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, correlations between other cognitive functional domains and motor functions have not been examined. Thus, we examined the correlation between different domains of cognitive function and motor functions. Sixty-five PD patients were recruited for the present study. Cognitive functions were assessed by the 10 subtests of the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination (COGNISTAT). Motor functions were assessed by the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) as partIII for general motor function and sum of related items for tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability. Spearman's correlation coefficients between each cognitive and motor assessment were compared.

Among the 10 subtests of the COGNISTAT, constructions showed significant correlation with UPDRS partIII (p<0.01), bradykinesia (p<0.01), and postural instability (p<0.001). The latter correlation was stronger than those between all motor assessments and both all patients backgrounds and other COGNISTAT subtests.

In PD patients, postural instability correlates with not only frontal executive dysfunctions but also parietal dysfunctions, such as visuospatial and constructive impairments. The postural maintenance system is suggested to share common physiology with not only frontal-executive function but also parietal functions.

(Received April 28, 2014; Accepted July 4, 2014; Published January 1 2015)

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