A Case of Churg-Strauss Syndrome with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Miiko Ito 1 , Naoki Kato 2 , Ching-chan Su 2 , Takamasa Kayama 1 1Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata University 2Department of Neurosurgery, Yamagata Prefectural Shinjo Hospital Keyword: チャーグ・シュトラウス症候群 , くも膜下出血 , 脳動脈解離 , 多発性病変 , Churg-Strauss syndrome , subarachnoid hemorrhage , cerebral artery dissection , multiple lesions pp.283-288
Published Date 2014/3/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416101743
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Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a vasculitis syndromes and is only rarely complicated by subarachnoid hemorrhage. In the current report, we describe a case of CSS with subarachnoid hemorrhage, which showed a favorable outcome following conservative treatment.

A 68-year-old man with CSS on maintenance steroid therapy underwent MRI/A during tinnitus aggravation, and showed dilation of the left middle cerebral artery and stenosis of the peripheral area of the right vertebral artery. After 2 months, he presented sudden pain in the occipitocervical area, and CT revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage. Intracranial 3D CT-A and MRI/A showed the development of a protrusion at the base of the left anterior cerebral artery. Although both findings suggested cerebral artery dissection, the source of hemorrhage could not be identified. The 2009 Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke recommends early diagnosis and treatment of hemorrhagic cerebral artery dissection because of the high risk of re-bleeding. However, considering the risks of vasculitis aggravation, development of systemic complications, and recurrence, conservative treatment was selected. In addition, owing to the risk of complications associated with the frequent use of iodinated contrast agents and angiography procedures, patient was followed up using MRI. His course was favorable, and he was discharged despite mild right abducens paralysis.

When patients with hemorrhagic cerebral artery dissection have a history of allergic diseases, CCS should be considered; conservative treatment consisting of rest, strict blood pressure control, and steroid therapy may be the most appropriate option for certain patients.

(Receieved September 10, 2013; Accepted September 24, 2013; Published March 1, 2014)

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