Identification of the Initial Symptoms of Schizophrenia by using Psychological Tests Orika MIKAN 1 , Yumi IWAMITSU 1 , Kenji YAMAMOTO 2 , Hitoshi MIYAOKA 2 1Department of Medical Psychology, Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Sagamihara, Japan 2Department of Psychiatry, Kitasato University School of Medicine Keyword: Early schizophrenia , Initial symptom , MMPI , Rorschach test pp.1157-1165
Published Date 2011/12/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1405102044
  • Abstract
  • Look Inside
  • Reference

 The purpose of the present study was to identify the initial symptoms of schizophrenia by using psychological tests. Useful high frequency symptoms for diagnosing early schizophrenia proposed by Nakayasu were evaluated and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI) and Rorschach test were conducted for 18 patients with early stage schizophrenia and 18 healthy adults. Results of the early symptom rating form showed that patients with early schizophrenia and not healthy adults had symptoms of autochthonous fantasy, heightened auditory perception, vague feelings of being observed, anhedonia, excessive interpersonal strain, and persecutory ideation compared to healthy adults, early schizophrenia patients had higher scores of the F scale and on eight clinical scales on the MMPI. Further in the Rorschach test, patients showed low animal movement response (FM score), vista response(FK score), popular response(P score), and modified Basic Rorschach Score, and high inanimate movement response(m score), texture response(c score), and usual detail response(D score). Our findings suggest that these indices can be potentially used to identify the initial symptoms of schizophrenia.

Copyright © 2011, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 1882-126X 印刷版ISSN 0488-1281 医学書院