Comparison of Intestinal Absorption Tests in the Six Cases of Malabsorption Syndrome H. Wakasugi 1 , K. Nakayama 1 , H. Ibayashi 1 , Y. Hara 2 , M. Abe 2 1The Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University 2Department of Internal Medicine, Kyushu National Cancer Hospital pp.87-92
Published Date 1975/1/25
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1403112102
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 In the last eight years (1965~1973), our clinic experienced six patients with severe malabsorption managed by the surgical interventions as follows: (1) subtotal gastric resection (Billroth Ⅱ ), (2) partial pancreatic, gastric, duodenal and cholecystic resection, (3) gastroileal fistula after partial gastric resection (Billroth Ⅱ), (4) jejunoileal fistula after jejunal resection, (5) jejunocolic fistula after partial gastric resection (Billroth Ⅱ ), (6) total gastric resection and jejunocolonic fistula. All of these patients had past histories of surgical treatment of bowels and showed blind loops. Intestinal fistula was found in four cases. It was difficult for us to recognize the fistula by fluoroscopic examination. Three cases, (3), (5) and (6), of fistula formation recovered almost completely by reoperation. The other cases, (4) and the one in which the fistula was not recognized (1), improved each by medium-chain triglycerides and by digestive enzymes orally administered. The case (2) died of the metastasis of carcinoma of the pancreas.

 The result of intestinal absorption tests of each case showed severe fat malabsorption: fecal fat output (by Saxon's method) was approximately in excess of 15 g per day. D-xylose tolerance test was normal in (1), on the borderline in (2) and low in (4) and (6) cases. Schilling test was abnormal in (1) and (4), markedly low in (3), (5) and (6) cases. Measurement of D-xylose tolerance test and Schilling test, in addition to fat absorption test (fecal fat output), was considered to further elucidate the state of intestinal malabsorption, because D-xylose is absorbed in the proximal, vitamin B12 is absorbed in the distal, small intestine and the binding of the vitamin with intrinsic factor in the stomach is needed for its absorption. The half disappearance time (T1/2) of 131I-RISA in the cases, (1) and (6), was prolonged and kwashiorkor's signs such as sparse and red hair were recognized. When there is a hypoproteinemia, further measurement of the T1/2 of the RISA is considered to elucidate more clearly the pathophysiology of malabsorption, because the T1/2 is shortened in protein losing gastroenteropathy and prolonged in protein malabsorption.

Copyright © 1975, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


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