A Study on Factors of Anxiety and Nursing Intervention Among Cardiac Surgical Patients Tomoko Majima 1 , Reiko Sato 2 1The Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing 2School of Nursing, Chiba University pp.11-18
Published Date 1994/3/31
  • Abstract
  • Reference


 The purposes of this study were to Investigate factors that related preoperative anxiety and postoperative recovery and to define the nursing intervention among the cardiac surgical patient.

 The sample was from 22 cardiac patients (over 40 years old) who underwent a surgical operation. The data was obtained through 1) the participant observation, 2) the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and 3) the individual interview.

 After the data was analyzed, results were indicated as follows.

1) Factors that related to preoperative anxiety were:

 1: Stressful life events before hospitalization,

 2: Difficulties of understanding the preoperative information,

 3: Denial of the various information.

 4: Negative evaluation in comparison with the others' situation,

 5: Fear of growing worse,

 6: Optimistical evaluation of ones' disease,

 7: Calm of the preoperative condition,

 8: An emergency operation.

2) Factors that related to postoperative recovory were:

 1: Passive behavior.

 2: Negative evaluation of ones' disease.

 3: Concern about return to the life in society.

 4: Calm of postoperative condition.

 The results concluded that as follows,

1) The cardiac surgical patients' anxiety level was not higher than chronic disease patients' anxiety level,

2) Postoperative stressors were concerned to the postoperative anxiety and psychological recovery and

3) Postoperative nursing intervention needed to asses for factors as related to preoperative anxiety and postoperative recovery.

Copyright © 1994, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.


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