Support Factors of Coping with Anxiety in Families of Patients with Terminal Cancer Misako Hisamatsu 1 , Sayoko Niwa 2 1School of Nursing, Kagoshima Immaculate Heart University 2School of Health Sciences, Kagoshima University Keyword: 家族看護 , 家族の不安と対処 , 終末期がん患者 , 質的・帰納的研究 , family nursing , family's anxiety and coping , patient with terminal cancer , qualitative/inductive study pp.58-67
Published Date 2011/3/20
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 To clarify the support factors of coping with anxiety in families of terminal cancer patients during the long-term progression of the disease, this study involved the conducting of semistructured interviews with 8 family members who had been told of the life expectancy of cancer patients in their families, and analyzed data from the interviews in a qualitative and inductive manner. The results revealed that, immediately after the explanation of life expectancy, the families had[anxieties over the unpredictableness of the future]and[worries about real issues], and attempted to reduce them by making[efforts to mentally stabilize themselves in the face of not being able to accept the situation]and[desperate efforts to keep the patient alive]. However, as they confronted the reality of the situation, they developed[concerns over specific problems in the future]and[worries about how the patient should live the rest of his/her life], and tried to make[efforts to maintain themselves so as to continue to nurse the patient]and[efforts to promote the patient's QOL]. As factors supporting these responses, the[presence of reliable healthcare professionals considerate of the family],[presence of others who understood their thinking and were willing to cooperate with them],[family bond with the patient],[availability of private time and recreation],[self-confidence from the nursing experience], and[future prospects]were identified.

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