Japanese

The effects of a group program using the Activity Diary for satisfaction with occupations of community-dwelling elderly: A randomized controlled trial Masayuki Takagi 1,2 , Naruko Goami , Yasushi Orita 1 , Peter Bontje 3 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima 2Doctoral Course, Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School of Human Health Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University 3Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School of Human Health Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University Keyword: 地域在住高齢者 , 作業の満足度 , 生きがい , 生活満足度 , 健康関連QOL , Community-dwelling elderly , Satisfaction with occupation , Ikigai , Life satisfaction , Health-related quality of life pp.301-310
Published Date 2020/6/15
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 The occupation-focused group programs for health and well-being promotion of community-dwelling elderly in occupational therapy have been developing. This study aimed to verify the effects of a group program using the Activity Diary for satisfaction with occupation, the feeling of Ikigai, and life satisfaction among community-dwelling elderly. The participants of the program were 125 community-dwelling elderly over 65 years old. Sixty-two participants who were allocated to the intervention group attended four sessions of 120 minutes weekly and wrote in the Activity Diary daily during the program period. Sixty-three participants were allocated to a non-intervention control group. The primary outcome was the Activity and Daily Life Satisfaction Scale (ADLSS) to measure satisfaction with occupations. The secondary outcomes were K-I Scale for the Feeling that Life is Worth Living among the Aged (K-I Scale) to measure the feeling of Ikigai, and Life Satisfaction Index-Z (LSI-Z) to measure life satisfaction. There was a follow-up period of one and a half months. The percentage of participation was 99.2%. The scores of the intervention group improved significantly more than the control group for the ADLSS, K-I scale and LSI-Z (p<.001). The effect sizes r for each outcome were medium (r=0.33-0.38). The program can contribute to enhanced satisfaction with occupation, the feeling of Ikigai, and life satisfaction for community-dwelling elderly.


Copyright © 2020, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.

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電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会

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