Occupational therapy for special education: Regular classrooms in elementary schools Rie Hikino 1 , Reiko Tsuchida 2 1Child Health Support Services, Izumo Shimin Rehabilitation Hospital 2Department of Occupational Therapy, Prefectural University of Hiroshima Keyword: 作業療法 , (特別支援教育) , (小学校通常学級) , Occupational therapy , Special education , Elementary school regular class pp.577-586
Published Date 2010/10/15
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 The purpose of this study was to investigate how occupational therapists intervene in regular classes of elementary schools and to propose what kind of school-based occupational therapy should be practiced in regular classes. Ten occupational therapists working in regular classes were interviewed about the content and focus of their intervention. The result showed that these occupational therapists provided mainly indirect services, while intervening in the students' environment and tasks. Two features of school-based occupational therapists were mentioned: intervening in the environment around the student and/or his/her occupation, and suggesting support plans taking into account the total life of the student. Also when school-based occupational therapy succeeded, four factors were mentioned: being able to evaluate adequately, enabling the teacher to understand the students' individuality, focusing on the teachers' policy, and suggesting support ideas which teachers can try easily. These results suggest that it is necessary for school-based occupational therapists to collaborate with teachers and provide services in a natural educational environment.

Copyright © 2010, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会