Occupational therapy intervention and its effectiveness for terminal patients in Japan:The literatures review from 1996 to 2005 Emi Miki 1 , Hajime Shimizu 2 1Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University 2Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University Keyword: 終末期 , (緩和ケア) , ターミナルケア , ホスピス , 作業療法 , End-stage , Palliative care , Terminal care , Hospice , Occupational therapy pp.144-154
Published Date 2007/4/15
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 Despite the growing interest in roles of rehabilitation for clients with terminal illness, little studies have been reported, which were focused on the effectiveness of rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate intervention methods and their effectiveness on occupational therapy for dying patients. We reviewed case reports and literatures from 1996 to 2005, and we revealed the status of occupational therapists working in palliative care. Occupational therapists were working with clients with life-threatening illness such as advanced cancer, intractable neurological disorders, and so on. They focused on occupational performance in life, using various programs, which can be categorized into 5 approaches: Occupational Adaptation, The Ecology of Human Performance, Biomechanics of Human Movement, Learning, and Therapeutic Use of Self. And they found the most effectiveness of occupational therapy in the volitional affairs.

Copyright © 2007, Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 0289-4920 日本作業療法士協会