Assessment and treatment for sarcopenic dysphagia Takashi Mori 1 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Southern Tohoku General Hospital Keyword: サルコペニア , 摂食嚥下障害 , 低栄養 , 評価 , sarcopenia , dysphagia , malnutrition , assessment pp.45-50
Published Date 2020/3/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001200264
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 Sarcopenic dysphagia is a swallowing disorder due to sarcopenia of whole-body and swallowing skeletal muscles. Previous research has reported on assessment of swallowing muscles using instruments for measuring tongue pressure, jaw opening force, pharyngeal pressure, as well as CT, MRI, and ultrasonography. Those studies reported older people have less muscle mass and strength than younger people. A diagnostic algorithm was recently developed and 30% of patients enrolled in dysphagia rehabilitation had sarcopenic dysphagia. Malnutrition and whole-body sarcopenia were revealed as risk factors for sarcopenic dysphagia. Careful nutritional support and adequate resistance training are thought to be important in treating sarcopenic dysphagia. Further research for diagnosis and treatment including nutritional support is needed.

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