Japanese Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research Volume 13, Issue 4 (December 2016)

Long-term improvement of cognitive dysfunction focusing on prospective memory deficit caused by secondary hydrocephalus following chronic meningitis: A case study Michiko Seki 1 , Masami Tanaka 2,3,4 , Toru Takizawa 1 1Speech-Language-Hearing Therapy Course, Faculty of Health Science, Kyoto Koka Women's University 2Multiple Sclerosis Center, Kyoto Min-iren Chuo Hospital 3Department of Neurology, Kaikoukai Josai Hospital 4Department of Neurology, Fujita Health University Hospital Keyword: 二次性水頭症 , 認知機能障害 , 展望記憶 , 遂行機能 , 認知リハビリテーション , secondary hydrocephalus , cognitive dysfunctions , prospective memory , executive function , cognitive rehabilitation pp.275-284
Published Date 2016/12/15
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.6001200101
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 We report a patient with general cognitive dysfunction resulting from secondary hydrocephalus following chronic meningitis. Over the period of four years, he showed improvement in various cognitive functions. It was observed that the amelioration of attention and information-processing led to the improvement of higher brain functions, such as language, retrospective memory, executive function, and finally prospective memory. Prospective memory shares some features with executive function such as planning, monitoring, and initiation. It is suggested that the recovery of executive function, meta-cognition, and self-initiation contributed to the amelioration of prospective memory. The patient's communication behavior also gradually recovered and was thought to have contributed to the improvement of the cognitive functions.

Copyright © 2016, Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists. All rights reserved.


13巻4号 (2016年12月)
電子版ISSN 印刷版ISSN 1349-5828 日本言語聴覚士協会