Thoracic Incisions for Open Chest Surgery;Posterolateral Thoracotomy, Anterolateral Thoracotomy, Axillary Thoracotomy, and Muscle Sparing Thoracotomy Nobuyuki Yoshiyasu 1 , Toru Bando 1 1Department of Thoracic Surgery, St. Luke’s International Hospital Keyword: thoracotomy , posterolateral thoracotomy , anterolateral thoracotomy , axillary thoracotomy , muscle sparing thoracotomy pp.805-809
Published Date 2019/9/20
DOI https://doi.org/10.15106/j_kyobu72_805
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Lung disease requiring surgical treatment has shifted from pulmonary tuberculosis that was prevalent in the 1940s during wartime to lung cancer in the last half century. The surgical approach for pulmonary tuberculosis was open chest surgery. Likewise for lung cancer, a thoracotomy approach had initially been used for a while. Thoracoscopic minimally invasive surgery became more widely used around 1990 and was shown to improve the patient’s quality of life (QOL). Currently, thoracoscopic surgery and robotic surgery are the mainstream procedures for patients with lung cancer, and thoracotomy procedures have fallen out of favor. However, in some cases of unexpected bleeding from the pulmonary artery or tumor infiltration into the pulmonary artery, appropriate thoracotomy must be performed. In this volume, 4 representative methods of performing thoracotomy are described with some tips in Japanese.

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