Journal of Japan Academy of Nursing Science Volume 26, Issue 4 (December 2006)

A Study on the Internal Body Water Quantity of Schizophrenics: Differences between Polydipsiacs and Non-polydipsiacs Miyuki Satoh 1 , Hiromi Sakuda 2 , Toshio Kobayashi 3 , Tsuyoshi Kataoka 3 1Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine 2Shiga University of Medical Science 3Hiroshima University Graduate School of Health Sciences Keyword: 統合失調症患者 , 病的多飲水 , 体内水分量 , schizophrenics , polydipsia , body water quantity pp.30-36
Published Date 2006/12/20
  • Abstract
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 Purpose:The purpose of the study was to examine differences in the internal body water quantity between polydipsiacs and non-polydipsiacs using Bioelectrical Impedance Spectrum method (the BIS method, hereafter).

 Method:The subjects of the study were a patient group of the schizophrenics in their 30's to 50's admitted to a mental hospital and their counter group of healthy males of the same age group. Those in the patient group were further divided into two groups, polydipsiacs and non-polydipsiacs, according to the researcher's criteria.

 Results:The one-way ANOVA and multiple comparison among the three groups showed that the non-polydipsiac group had the lowest % ICF in the internal body water ratio, while the healthy group had the highest;there were significant differences between the healthy and the polydipsiac groups as well as between the healthy and non-polydipsiac groups. Thus, it was implied that the internal body water quantity of schizophrenic patients has a tendency of dehydration inside the cells and that the patients'thirst may be a physiological need accompanied with a decrease in the % ICF. The internal body water quantity was more widely distributed for the polydipsiac group than for the non-polydipsiac group.

Copyright © 2006, Japan Academy of Nursing Science. All rights reserved.


26巻4号 (2006年12月)
電子版ISSN 2185-8888 印刷版ISSN 0287-5330 日本看護科学学会