Effects of a bone conduction headphone to assist eating for a patient with severe dementia and presbycusis in a care facility Masahiro Tanaka 1,2 , Atsushi Yanase 1 , Minoru Hoshiyama 3 1Department of Rehabilitation, Aichi Medical University Hospital 2Department of Rehabilitation, Nijigaoka Geriatric Health Services Facility 3Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University Keyword: 認知症 , 食事 , 環境整備 , 自立度 , BPSD , Dementia , Eating , Environmental setting , Degree of independence pp.585-589
Published Date 2018/10/15
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 We investigated the effects of verbal facilitating instructions via a bone conduction headphone on the eating behavior of an elderly client in a care facility. The case was a female in her 80's with severe dementia and presbycusis, who often stopped eating and required frequent assistance by caregivers during meals due to apathy, one of the symptoms of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD). Verbal facilitation for her eating was given through a bone conduction headphone. In spite of the intervention, the required time to eat meals and the amount of assistance in eating didn't change, but the amount of assistance through encouragement was reduced and the degree of independence in eating improved. Instructions via a bone conduction headphone had the same effect as instruction by caregivers and worked as cues to start eating meals.

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