The physiology of body temperature:Should we treat a fever? Nobuaki SHIME 1 1Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences Hiroshima University pp.189-194
Published Date 2020/1/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.3102200725
  • Abstract
  • Look Inside
  • Reference

Human body temperature is titrated within the range of 36.9±0.3℃, called the set point, by cold or hot reactions against changes in environmental temperature. The mechanisms of heat dissipation include radiation, conduction, convection, and transpiration. Elevated body temperature is a state in which the body temperature rises excessively and is divided into fever and hyperthermia. Fever is one of the defense mechanisms against invasive stresses. Antipyretic therapy has failed to improve the outcomes of critically ill, febrile patients, with the exception of those who are unconscious after surviving cardiopulmonary arrest. When treating fever with physical means, suppression of a cold reaction is a prerequisite. Appropriate assessment and intervention based on a physiological rationale is important for the clinical management of body temperature.

Copyright © 2020, MEDICAL SCIENCES INTERNATIONAL, LTD. All rights reserved.


電子版ISSN 2186-7852 印刷版ISSN 1883-4833 メディカル・サイエンス・インターナショナル