A CASE OF INTRACRANIAL ARTERIAL DOLICHO-ECTASIA Shuichi Oki 1 , Takeshi Shima 1 , Susumu Ishikawa 1 , Tohru Uozumi 1 , Toshiko Yamane 2,3 , Hiroshi Hara 2,4 1Department of Neurosurgery, Hisoshima University, School of Medicine 2Department of Pathology, Hiroshima University, School of Medicine 3Histopathological Laboratory, Hiroshima City Medical Association 4Department of Pathology, Kochi Medical School pp.593-600
Published Date 1979/6/1
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1406204425
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A fusiform aneurysm or diffuse ectasia due to arteriosclerotic degeneration of the arterial wall is not uncommon in the vertebro-basilar system. How-ever, it is rather rare that this sort of aneurysm of ectasia attains a so-called giant size.

This 65-year-old man was admitted to Hiroshima University Hospital with a 2 years history of dis-turbance of gait, speech and swallowing. At the age of 26 he was found to be hypertensive, but he did not take doctor's advice to undergo medical treatment.

On admission the systemic blood pressure flac-tuated between 150 and 190 mmHg and the diastolic between 90 and 120 mmHg. Neurological exami-nation revealed horizontal nystagmus on lateral gaze, hearing disturbance on the left side, devia-tion of the tongue to the right and dysarthria. Swallowing was slightly difficult. Grasping power was 8 kg on the right and 14 kg on the left. Re-flexes of the four limbs were symmetrically ac-centuated and Babinski sign was observed on both sides. Finger-to-nose test and heel-to-knee test were disturbed on the left. He had difficulty in standing, tended to fall to the left and unable to walk without support.

Total cholesterol in blood was 255 mg/dl and urea nitrogen 23 mg/dl, serologic reactions of syphilis were negative. Left ventricular hypertrophy was shown by chest X-ray examination. The CSF was under normal pressure and had no special changes.

Plain skull X-ray films showed supraclinoid fleck-wise calcification and atrophy of the sellar floor and clivus. On plain CT film a high density area was found in the pontine level, which compressed the 4th ventricle. Enhanced CT scan revealed an unevenly enhanced mass of 3.3 × 4.4 cm in size in the position of the brain stem and high density areas of 1.4 × 3.3cm along the both sphenoid ridges (Fig. 1). RI hot scan was found in the region of the brain stem (Fig. 2). Carotid angiography demonstrated fusiform aneurysms of the bilateral internal carotid and middle cerebral arteries and the dilatation of the left anterior cerebral artery (Fig. 3 a, b). Vertebral angiography showed the dilatation and tortuosity of the basilar, left ver-tebral and right posterior cerebral arteries in A-P views (Fig. 4a). In lateral views the dilated basilar artery formed a dorsally convex arch 2.3 cm distant from the clivus and measured to be a megadolicho-basilar anomaly (Fig. 4b). The patient died of cardiac infarction on the following day.

Autopsy revealed a giant ectasia of the basilar artery and a giant saccular aneurysm at the junc-tion of the vertebral arteries. The brain stem and left cerebellar hemisphere were remarkably com-pressed and deformed by these lesions. There were multiple fusiform aneurysms or ectasias of the other intracranial arteries (Fig. 5). The lumen of the dilated basilar was filled with thrombus except the angiographically demonstrated vascular channel, which was pushed away dorsally on the transvers section (Fig. 6). The advanced sclerotic changes were found in the intracranial and systemic arteries (Fig. 7).

Sacks and Lindenburg reported 34 cases of dolicho-ectatic intracranial arteries including 9 cases under the age of 60 as congenital origin based on their pathological findings and their age of onset. They concluded that dolicho-ectasia occured without arterisoclerosis and the presence of arteriosclerosis was rather coincidental.

Our case showed a giant dolicho-ectasia of basilar artery and ectasia of other intracranial arteries.

Copyright © 1979, Igaku-Shoin Ltd. All rights reserved.


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