A Case Report of Dolichoectasia of the Anterior Cerebral Artery Ichiro KAWAHARA 1 , Morito NAKAMOTO 1 , Yoshitaka MATSUO 1 , Yoshiharu TOKUNAGA 1 1Department of Neurosurgery,Nagasaki Prefecture Shimabara Hospital Keyword: anterior cerebral artery , dolichoectasia , hemodynamic change , SPECT pp.645-650
Published Date 2010/7/10
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436101212
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 Dolichoectasia of the intracranial arteries is a rare condition,and the vertebrobasilar system and the internal carotid artery is most commonly involved. We describe a rare case of a 60-year-old man with dolichoectasia of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA). The patient presented with continuous vertigo and nausea. CT and MR imaging showed a prominent serpentine structure with calcification and flow void in the region of the interhemispheric fissure,findings which were suspicious for arteriovenous malformation (AVM) or fistula (AVF). A cerebral angiogram demonstrated an extensive dilatation of the ACA above the level of the anterior communicating artery. There was no evidence of AVM or AVF. Although SPECT study revealed a decrease of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the right frontal lobe,cerebrovascular reserve,as demonstrated by acetazolamide challenge was sufficient for maintenance. Decrease of CBF may have resulted from diaschisis or selective neural cell elimination by old cerebral infarction. The patient was treated with an anti-platelet agent conservatively and the symptoms gradually improved. Cerebral angiography may be needed for definitive diagnosis because cerebral dolichoectasia may mimic CT and MR imaging findings of AVF or AVM. Cerebral hemodynamics must be examined strictly in addition to demonstrating vascular disease by angiography,and SPECT study may play a role in the detection of hemodynamic change induced by dolichoectasia.

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