The Clinical and Roentgenological Features of 27 Patients with “Acute Edematous Ileitis” T. Nanbu 1 1Devision of Internal Medicine, Sada Hospital pp.373-379
Published Date 1983/4/25
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1403109359
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 This paper presents the clinical and roentgenological features of 27 patients with acute enteritis characterized by transient thickening of the mucosal folds of the ileum, suggesting a new clinical entity of acute enteritis. All of them suffered from abdominal pain, persisting for 1 to 6 days (mean 2.5 days). Small bowel examinations showed edematous thickening of the folds, usually localized, in the ileum, which resolved or disappeared more or less within one week. This was the most characteristic and important finding in our series. Plain films of the abdomen showed some gas collections in 96 per cent. Other common findings are as follows; CRP was positive in 86 per cent, leukocytosis (more than 10,000) in 81 per cent, abdominal tenderness in 79 per cent, and diarrhea in 63 per cent. We propose the term “acute edematous ileitis”for our series, although the etiology is still unknown.

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