A Rare Case of a Ruptured De Novo Aneurysm Arising from the Twig-like Networks of an Anomalous Collateral Artery Associated with Hypoplasia of the M1 Segment of the Middle Cerebral Artery 4 Years after the Rupture of an A1 Aneurysm at the Origin of the Collateral Artery Kosuke SAKAI 1 , Takeshi HIU 2 , Yutaka FUKUDA 2,4 , Keisuke OZONO 2 , Kazuya HONDA 3 , Ichiro KAWAHARA 2 , Tomonori ONO 2 , Ryujiro USHIJIMA 2 , Keisuke TODA 2,5 , Keisuke TSUTSUMI 2 1Residency Program, Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization Nagasaki Medical Center 2Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization Nagasaki Medical Center 3National Hospital Organization Nagasaki Medical Center 4Fukuda Neurosurgical Hospital 5Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization Nagasaki Kawatana Medical Center Keyword: twig-like middle cerebral artery , M1 hypoplasia , twig-like networks of anomalous collateral artery , de novo aneurysm , ruptured aneurysm pp.713-722
Published Date 2018/8/10
DOI https://doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203799
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 We report a rare case of a de novo ruptured aneurysm arising from the twig-like networks(TLN)of an anomalous collateral artery associated with an aplastic or twig-like middle cerebral artery(Ap/T-MCA). A 65-year-old woman with a decreased level of consciousness, who had been diagnosed with a right Ap/T-MCA and was treated with coil embolization for a ruptured A1 aneurysm at the origin of the anomalous collateral artery 4 years ago, was transferred to our hospital. Head CT revealed an intracerebral hematoma extending from the right frontal lobe to the caudate nucleus with intraventricular hemorrhage. Subsequent 3D-rotational angiograms revealed a ruptured de novo aneurysm arising from the TLN and regrowth of the residual neck of the coiled aneurysm. The two aneurysms were successfully treated by surgical clipping combined with superficial temporal artery middle cerebral artery anastomosis in the subacute phase. To our knowledge, only 11 cases of this type of aneurysm have been reported, including our case, and this is the first report of a de novo aneurysm within the TLN so far. Although all previously reported aneurysms were small(<5-6mm), 10 of them(91%)ruptured. These data may indicate the vulnerability of this type of aneurysm to rupture despite their small size, probably due to hemodynamic stress and the fragile nature of their immature walls. To prevent recurrence of hemorrhage in these cases, revascularization may be necessary in addition to surgical clipping. Whether this concept is correct is an open question. Further studies are necessary to examine this issue.

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