Neurological Surgery No Shinkei Geka Volume 32, Issue 2 (February 2004)

Study of Multiple Cerebral Aneurysms Comprised of both Ruptured and Unruptured Aneurysm : An Analysis of Incidence Rate with Respect to Site and Size Tohru OKUYAMA 1 , Yumiko SASAMORI 1 , Hachisaburou TAKAHASHI 1 , Kouichi FUKUYAMA 2 , Koji SAITO 3 1Department of Neurosurgery,Takahashi Neurosurgical Hospital 2Deparment of Radiology,Takahashi Neurosurgical Hospital 3Department of Neurosurgery,Kushiro Neurosurgical Hospital Keyword: incidence of rupture , multiple cerebral aneurysm , aneurysm size , aneurismal site pp.121-125
Published Date 2004/2/1
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 The purpose of this investigation was to study the incidence rate of rupture with respect to the site and size of multiple cerebral aneurysms that include both ruptured and unruptured aneurysms. Site and size were investigated in 58 cases of this type of multiple cerebral aneurysm. All cerebral aneurysms were examined with MR angiography,3D-CT angiography and digital subtraction angiography,as well as seeing measured using 3D-CT or digital subtraction angiography. As regards the site of the 58 ruptured cerebral aneurysms under study,18 were internal carotid aneurysms (C2 or C3 : 4 cases,IC-PC : 12 cases,IC-ancho. : 1 case,IC terminal : 1 case),25 were anterior communicating aneurysms,10 were middle cerebral aneurysms,4 were anterior cerebral aneurysms and 1 case was a VA-PICA aneurysm. The ruptured internal carotid aneurysms were 4.0-21.0 mm in size,the anterior communicating aneurysms were 1.8-13 mm,the middle cerebral aneurysms were 2.0-21.3 mm,the anterior cerebral aneurysms were 3.2-9.1 mm,and the VA-PICA aneurysm was 4.4 mm. The sites of the 89 unruptured cerebral aneurysms break down as follows : 29 were internal carotid aneurysms (C2 or C3 : 4 cases,IC-PC : 10 cases,IC-ancho. : 10 cases,IC terminal : 5 cases),18 were anterior communicating aneurysms,34 were middle cerebral aneurysms,and there were 5 cases of posterior circulation aneurysm. In size,the unruptured internal carotid aneurysms were 1.0-18.3 mm,the anterior communicating aneurysms were 1.0-6.5 mm,the middle cerebral aneurysms were 1.0-10.3 mm,the anterior cerebral aneurysms were 1.0-3.3 mm,and the posterior circulation aneurysms were 2.2-17.3 mm. Out of 58 ruptured cerebral aneurysms,44 were of the largest size category,and 53 (91.4%) were in the largest size category and/or anterior communicating aneurysms. The accumulated incidence rate of rupture of anterior communicating aneurysms rose suddenly upon reaching 2 mm in size,and after reaching 3 mm,these aneurysms accounted for a nearly uniform 55%-60% of the incidence rate of rupture. The accumulated incidence rate of rupture of IC-PC aneurysms rose drastically at 4 mm in size with the data describing a parabolic slope when graphed. IC-PC aneurysms represented a uniform 55% of the incidence rate of rupture after reaching 8 mm in size. The accumulated incidence rate of rupture of middle cerebral aneurysms rose in a gently sloping parabola beginning at 4 mm,and stabilized at 20% upon reaching 10 mm. These results suggest that each site is associated with a characteristic size and rate of aneurismal rupture. Special attention should thus be paid to large and anterior communicating aneurysms when operating on multiple cerebral aneurysms.

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Neurological Surgery 脳神経外科
32巻2号 (2004年2月)
電子版ISSN 1882-1251 印刷版ISSN 0301-2603 医学書院